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Ireland PM in historic tribute to veterans on British Remembrance Day

Dan Kitwood / Getty Images

Queen Elizabeth II waits to lay a wreath at the Cenotaph during Remembrance Sunday in Whitehall on November 11, 2012 in London.

BELFAST - Ireland's prime minister laid a wreath to honor fallen soldiers at a British Remembrance Day service for the first time on Sunday, the latest gesture of reconciliation between historic foes. 

Annual Remembrance Day services to honor Britain's war dead and the wearing of the traditional poppy are controversial in Ireland because of abuses committed by soldiers in Northern Ireland and during British rule in Ireland before independence.

Enda Kenny took part in a service in Enniskillen in Northern Ireland on the 25th anniversary of the Irish Republican Army bombing of a Remembrance Day service in the town that killed 12 people, one of the worst atrocities of three decades of sectarian violence.

Carl Court / AFP - Getty Images

Former service personnel attend Remembrance Sunday service in Whitehall, Central London, on November 11, 2012.

Meanwhile in London on Sunday, the Queen Elizabeth was joined by Prince Phillip and the Duke and Duchess of Cambridge at the annual memorial service at the Cenotaph in Whitehall. The Queen, whose grandson Prince Harry is currently serving as a soldier in Afghanistan, laid a wreath.

The traditional two-minute silence at 11am – timed to coincide with the armistice that ended the First World War in 1918 - was held to remember members of the British and Commonwealth's armed forces who have died during conflicts.

The same silence was observed by millions of veterans and civilians across the UK, and by British forces serving across the world - including 9,500 soldiers in Afghanistan. Many wore a poppy – the symbol of remembrance – on their lapel.

Luke Macgregor / Reuters

Britain's Prince William attends the annual Remembrance Sunday ceremony at the Cenotaph in London November 11, 2012.

In Enniskillen, Kenny stood, head bowed, during the silence before taking his turn to lay a wreath on the war memorial yards from the spot where the IRA bomb exploded in 1987.

His green laurel wreath laid on behalf of the Irish Government stood out among wreaths of red poppies. He did not wear a poppy.

The gesture came a year after a visit by Queen Elizabeth to Ireland, the first by the British sovereign since independence.

During the visit, the Queen laid a wreath in the Garden of Remembrance in Dublin to honor those Irish men and women who died fighting for Irish freedom from British rule.

Also on Sunday, Deputy Prime Minister Eamon Gilmore became the first Irish minister to attend a Remembrance Day service at Belfast City Hall, laying a wreath at the city's cenotaph.

Tens of thousands of Irish soldiers fought for Britain in both world wars, but they receive relatively little recognition in Ireland, which took advantage of World War One to fight British rule and remained neutral during World War Two.

With relations with Britain the warmest for decades, the Irish government in June pardoned thousands of servicemen who deserted to fight for the Allied forces during World War Two.

During more than 30 years of violence in Northern Ireland when more than 3,600 people died, the participation of an Irish leader in a Remembrance Day ceremony would have been unthinkable.

The violence was largely ended by the Good Friday Agreement in 1998 which set up a power-sharing administration between unionists, who want to maintain Northern Ireland's position in the United Kingdom, and nationalists, who aspire to a united Ireland.

Reuters contributed to this report.

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