Ever since the military ousted Egyptian President Mohammed Morsi, his supporters have been staging a sit-in outside the heavily fortified compound of the military's elite Republican Guard. On Monday, at the gates of the compound, Egypt witnessed the bloodiest day it has seen in the past two years. NBC's Ayman Mohyeldin reports.
Egypt will hold presidential and parliamentary elections in early 2014, according to a constitutional declaration issued Monday by the country's interim president.
The declaration by Egypt's interim leader Adly Mansour spells out the road map for amending the country's constitution. It calls for the formation of two committees to suggest changes to the now-suspended constitution passed under ousted President Mohammed Morsi.
The new constitution will be put to a referendum vote in about five months, according to the declaration.
The first committee to suggest changes to the document will be made up of 10 judges, including members of the high constitutional court, along with professors of constitutional law. Another committee comprised of members representing different aspects of Egyptian society will then discuss and prepare a final draft, according to the decree, which was published online by the Al-Ahram newspaper.
The paper reports that members of the second committee "will represent political parties, intellectuals, workers, farmers, syndicates, national councils, Al-Azhar, Egyptian church, armed forces, and police, in addition and other public figures. Ten youth and women should be among the members."
Within 15 days of a referendum on the final draft of the constitution, which will likely take place early next year, parliamentary elections will then take place. After the first parliamentary meeting, they must call for a presidential election within a week.
The decree also gave Egypt's interim leader the power to declare laws after consultation with a soon-to-be established government.
It also kept in a definition of the principles of Islamic sharia law, which has been in the constitution for decades.
Mansour's declaration came the same day more than 50 people were killed and 435 injured in a clash in Cairo.
Reuters contributed to this report.