George Ourfalian / Reuters
Syrian Defence Minister Fahd al-Freij gestures as he walks while visiting military bases and meets with officers in Aleppo, Jan. 31, 2014.
Last year's agreement to eliminate Syria's chemical weapons left President Bashar Assad in a strengthened position, and there appears little chance rebels will soon force him from power, the U.S. intelligence chief told Congress on Tuesday.
"The prospects are right now that (Assad) is actually in a strengthened position than when we discussed this last year, by virtue of his agreement to remove the chemical weapons, as slow as that process has been," said James Clapper, director of national intelligence.
Clapper, testifying before a U.S. House of Representatives intelligence committee hearing, did not specify why last September's agreement on chemical arms had boosted Assad's position.
But before the pact, worked out by the United States and Russia, the Obama administration had appeared on the verge of launching military strikes against Syria in reprisal for a poison gas attack in the Damascus suburbs which killed hundreds.
President Barack Obama in August 2011 called on the Syrian president to give up power following the lethal suppression of anti-government protests by Assad's security forces.
Clapper said Assad's government is likely to remain in power, absent a diplomatic agreement for a new transitional government, which most observers consider a long shot.
Abdalrhman Ismail / Reuters
Free Syrian Army fighters prepare their weapons near the Justice Palace and the Citadel of Aleppo, venues which activists said are used by forces loyal to President Bashar Assad as military barracks, Feb. 4, 2014.
"I foresee kind of more of the same, sort of a perpetual state of a stalemate where ... neither the regime nor the opposition can prevail," he told the House intelligence committee.
Reuters reported last week that Syria has given up less than 5 percent of its chemical weapons arsenal and will miss this week's deadline to send all toxic agents abroad for destruction.
Clapper said the weapons removal was occurring at a "slow pace," and that two shipments totaling about 53 metric tons had left Syria so far.
Russia, Syria's ally, said on Tuesday that Damascus would soon ship more toxic agents abroad for destruction.
Under questioning from the House committee's chairman, Michigan Republican Mike Rogers, Central Intelligence Agency Director John Brennan said that militants linked to al Qaeda had established training camps in Syria and Iraq that could be used to stage attacks both in the region and beyond.
"Syria presents a number of challenges to U.S. national security interests in terms of the potential spillover of the fighting inside of Syria to neighboring countries, but also, and increasingly so, concerns on the terrorism front," Brennan said.